How you can write a resume for 2022


A variety of resume recommendation is nice, a few of it’s unhealthy, but it surely’s tough to know which is which – particularly in terms of resume codecs.

So I needed to share what we’ve discovered at Ladders from reviewing thousands and thousands of resumes through the years and seeing how these resumes did in over 1 billion purposes.

As a result of I perceive how pressed for time professionals are, I’ve created 73 industry-specific resume templates, containing instance copy, which could be downloaded and edited free.

Every with a singular cowl letter instance.

So let’s discover out why the excessive rating resume format works for skilled professionals such as you.

The very best format on your resume is the Excessive Rating Resume

The Excessive Rating Resume focuses your resume on sharing the “excessive scores” you’ve reached and the achievements you’ve unlocked all through your profession. It’s a format that lets you current your self in the best approach potential with out worrying about bragging. And it offers hiring managers and recruiters concrete proof of what you’re able to.

The Excessive Rating Resume additionally may be very clear to folks studying your resume about what you’d love to do subsequent, i.e., what your subsequent stage goes to be. By displaying what you’ve already achieved, it’s straightforward to elucidate what you’re able to subsequent. So whereas there are different elements of your resume that can deserve consideration, the Excessive Rating Resume focuses most of your effort and time on the 2 most vital sections of your resume: your work expertise and your skilled abstract.

Work expertise: Present your excessive scores

From our expertise at Ladders, essentially the most profitable resumes all have one factor in widespread: they show the previous successes of the skilled. One widespread resume error seen in much less efficient resumes is a reliance on itemizing job descriptions, duties, or employees measurement.

The Excessive Rating Resume method to renew writing is to make every bullet a Excessive Rating. Which means sharing, with numbers, how properly you probably did at that a part of your job. And it means bringing a participant’s enthusiasm to methods to you retell it.

A bit tongue-in-cheek, however whenever you’re telling your mates, or in case you had been attempting to affix a workforce, you wouldn’t say this:

Torn paper image showing the "work experience" section of a Ladders resume.

However you would possibly say this:

torn paper image showing an alternative version of a Ladders work experience resume section.

All excessive scores have numbers — it’s simpler that approach for folks to grasp how good you had been at Tetris, tennis, or … tax methods. Similar on your previous expertise — let your future boss know the way good you had been on the position, by offering your rating. The Excessive Rating Resume constructs every bullet of your work expertise with a success verb and a quantity — whether or not it’s models, a greenback signal or a share. That’s the best method to convey your previous successes.

Most up-to-date jobs first

The Excessive Rating Resume all the time exhibits the newest jobs first. When folks ask about your golf recreation, trip journey, or books learn, they’re not in search of you to go all the way in which again to the start and inform you about your first one first. They sometimes need to know concerning the newest.

Similar factor in your resume. In case your final job was working as an IT safety engineer, don’t listing your faculty position as a gross sales consultant first. Your most up-to-date expertise is essentially the most related in the identical approach that your most up-to-date excessive rating is most related to the video games you play.

That is your likelihood to element your successes and achievements.

Complete page of a Ladders resume format with arrows showing specific content.

And, in the identical approach that your excessive rating doesn’t say “Nicely, first I did stage 1, the place there have been challenges and lots of obstacles. Then I did stage 2 … ”, your resume shouldn’t merely listing previous job titles and duties, and shouldn’t present a listing of your employees or funds measurement.

The aim of the Excessive Rating Resume is to show on your future boss the particular achievements that made you a valued contributor to previous bosses.

For every job you’ve had, you’ll have an entry together with the corporate identify, title, description, and dates.

Firm identify

Firm identify appears simple and sometimes is. There’s some leeway in whether or not or not you employ the corporate’s formal identify — Schwab, Charles Schwab, or Charles Schwab Company — and whether or not or to not use the abbreviation. As a result of there’s no customary rule, use the formal firm identify in industries with a bent in direction of formality, and the extra informal model in informal industries.

For instance, if making use of to a prestigious legislation agency, I’d be inclined to name it “Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP”, not “Pillsbury”, whereas I’d advocate utilizing “Google” not “Alphabet, Inc.” in case you’re a mid-level supervisor within the web {industry}.

Whichever approach you select, keep constant all through your resume in the way you deal with firm names.

Within the case of mergers, bankruptcies, or identify adjustments that occurred after your departure, there may be, once more, no exhausting and quick rule. Use no matter feels only from a advertising and marketing standpoint. In my very own case, I labored at from 2000 to 2002, after I helped promote it to Yahoo! for a half-billion {dollars}.

Over the previous 16 years, it has appeared on my resume in varied varieties:

  •, Ltd. (NASD: HOTJ), after which …
  •, a Yahoo! Firm, after which …
  • Hotjobs (after it was offered to Monster), after which again to …
  • (NASD: HOTJ), when it was closed down by Monster, and I needed to focus on my position at a public firm 18 years in the past.

There’s no set reply for methods to deal with firm names by means of these transitions and little or no unfavorable threat. So your selection ought to be constant and really feel comfy to you.

torn paper image showing ways to present a company name in the Ladders resume format.

In unlucky circumstances the place your employer was concerned in a infamous scandal — Bernard L. Madoff Securities, Enron, World Crossing, CountryWide Monetary — there’s little you are able to do apart from listing the corporate precisely and tackle the topic head-on in your achievements (“Survived company scandal impacting a separate division — no individual in our group was accused of or discovered to have been concerned in unethical habits”), in individual, or on the telephone with the recruiter. Some have reported success in dealing with the matter head-on within the firm description: “Labored in separate entity from the notorious funding administration enterprise” or “Blind-sided skilled at disgraced power buying and selling firm.”

It’s price remembering that some employers do admire the kind of grit and willpower that goes together with overcoming this type of adversity. Ought to you end up on this unlucky state of affairs, don’t presume that everyone is snickering — some could also be extra intrigued than delay.

Titles and employment dates

Now’s the time to be exact. No tall tales, fibbing, or fish-that-got-away tales allowed. Since you’re coping with historical past, it’s good to be rigorous along with your presentation of the info.

For every job, listing your precise title, because it appeared in your provide letter or subsequent firm promotion. It’s fairly vital to be exact, as you’re representing that you simply held this title at this firm at the moment. Small inflations can come again to chunk you — selling your self to regional gross sales supervisor whenever you had been, in reality, an account govt. Among the many few issues that corporations evaluation throughout background checks are titles, so it’s each ethically and procedurally vital to make sure that your resume matches the corporate’s data exactly.

The widespread follow stays to incorporate each month and yr within the date. Personally, I’ve lengthy felt that yr is sufficient, and we must drop the follow of together with the month of your begin and finish dates on resumes. However the {industry} follow doesn’t agree with my private emotions on this, so it is best to keep on with writing each the month and yr for begin and finish dates. So January 2017 – December 2020, for instance, or Feb 2017 – Apr 2021, each work.

Torn paper image showing date format on a Ladders resume template.

A number of jobs and promotions at one firm require a cautious presentation, each for the understanding of the individuals who will learn your resume, in addition to the software program methods that can translate your resume right into a storable model within the firm’s database.

Within the case of a number of jobs through the years on the identical firm, the perfect method is to place the full years served subsequent to the corporate identify, after which the precise years for every position, as expressed by month-date, month-date, subsequent to every place title. You may see our free resume templates and resume examples for particular steering.

Firm or position description

More and more in style lately is the pattern in direction of describing the corporate and or the duties of the position in a line beneath the corporate identify. This succinct abstract of vital background data is kind of an efficient method to convey the info about your position or the corporate. Employees measurement, funds and hiring circumstances could be shared on this line.

resume company description image for a Ladders resume

For instance, you would possibly write any of the next as an outline of the employer:

  • “A worldwide water transport firm”
  • “A nationwide fast-food chain”
  • “A number one skilled companies agency”
  • “A Fortune 50 diversified industrial firm”

You may additionally select to handle your staffing or accountability:

  • “Liable for Western Area Gross sales at regional machine instruments producer”
  • “Managed $30 mm advert funds for nationwide lodge chain”
  • “Held P&L accountability for $310 mm engine division”

Or the circumstances that led you to the position:

  • “Recruited by CEO to take over all HR operations in Atlanta”
  • “Promoted a number of occasions over decade at this main software program integration agency”
  • “Chosen to guide post-merger main CPG agency by mixed Board”

This line can briefly and brilliantly talk the dimensions, form, or circumstances of your position or employer. It’s not required, however it could drastically provide help to enhance the quantity of data you get throughout with out taking over extra invaluable bullet factors.

Dealing with gaps — sired, fired, retired

Dealing with gaps in employment historical past is distressing for any skilled. I’m being a bit flippant in describing this as sired, fired, or retired, however these are the most typical causes – other than gaps attributable to COVID-19.

Within the case of COVID-caused furlough or layoff, be temporary and to-the-point. This hole received’t elevate doubts about you, as a result of all of us perceive it.

Sired: You or your partner gave start and also you determined to remain at residence for some variety of years. That point interval is up and also you’re trying to get again into the office.

Fired: You picked the fallacious job, fallacious boss, or fallacious {industry}, and also you ended up being proven the door. Touchdown the subsequent position has not occurred as rapidly as you’d’ve appreciated and you’ve got a niche longer than 12 months to elucidate.

Retired: You determined to downshift and hunt down the finer issues in life, you took a niche yr, or just traveled for a yr or two as a result of circumstances afforded you the chance. However now it’s time to get again to having a piece household, or a paycheck, or a profession.

In every of those circumstances, it’s all the time higher in case you’ve had a believable institutional connection throughout the hole interval. Non-profit work is the plain finest and best one. Consulting roles, even at your personal agency, depend. Paid work performed on a undertaking foundation for associates or former colleagues may also match the invoice. Any of those is healthier than a last date in your most up-to-date employment that’s twelve or extra months prior to now.

However within the case the place that simply wasn’t the state of affairs — you’ve been the stay-at-home father or mother for the previous seven years, for example — your aim is to reduce the quantity of area you spend describing what isn’t, in spite of everything, a enterprise Excessive Rating.

Ideally, you summarize it in a single optimistic, forward-looking, constructive line of textual content:

  • Keep-at-home father or mother, for a household of 4, energized to return to work. 2012- 2021

Or to cowl a time of journey:

  • Lucky to journey 13 international locations earlier than returning to give attention to skilled profession. 2016 – 2021

Or the unenviable, undesirable, employment hole:

  • Returning to work after a interval of private exploration and development. 2019 – 2021

Image showing how to describe non-working periods in the Ladders format.

In every of those circumstances, your finest method to managing a time frame whenever you had been hitting skilled Excessive Scores is identical — constructive, temporary, crisp — after which transfer on.

How you can write resume bullet factors

For a typical, skilled skilled with greater than ten years expertise, you’ll have twenty-five bullet factors throughout two pages to make your case. If you happen to’re earlier in your profession, you could have solely 10-15 bullet factors throughout one web page. In both case, the Excessive Rating Resume treats every bullet level as a scarce, treasured useful resource to be optimized on your success.

The Excessive Rating Resume makes essentially the most of every bullet by demonstrating your success with numbers. Every bullet is constructed of a success verb and a particular numerical accomplishment in your area or position. This entices potential interviewers by offering quantified, confirmed outcomes that element your successes.

The Excessive Rating Resume allocates bullets to jobs in accordance with its significance in touchdown your subsequent gig. Your most up-to-date jobs are an important, so the final 5 years get 10 to fifteen bullets. The following 5 get 5 to 10. The following 5 get 5 in whole. Something past 15 years in the past will get zero bullets. “One of many causes to rent me is the expertise I had in 2002 with … ” is just not persuasive to bosses trying to rent in 2022.

As you’re writing every bullet level, craft it to influence an employer to rent you due to the advantages you may ship. You would possibly follow studying it out loud with the phrase “You need to rent me in 2022 for this position as a result of I … ” adopted by the textual content of every bullet. Bullets are written to help your argument which you could deliver new Excessive Scores to your potential boss proper now.

“Present, don’t inform” is the motto of the Excessive Rating Resume. Inside the confines of confidentiality, bullets present particular proof to help the abilities and accomplishments you declare in your Skilled Abstract. Merely asserting you’re good at this or succesful at that isn’t persuasive. For every bullet, describe the accomplishment with particular particulars. It’s these particular outcomes, particular tales and particular successes that resonate most with future bosses.

Ought to I exploit motion verbs on my resume?

Within the Excessive Rating Resume, the construction for every bullet factors is a success verb plus particular numerical information relating to an accomplishment in your area or position.

Which means you want about 25 magic resume phrases on your bullet factors. Somewhat than make you guess, I’ve offered you with 25 nice success verbs within the field under that may serve successfully on any resume.

Image showing a list success verbs used as part of resume formatting.

Typical resume recommendation says to make use of lively verbs, which the Excessive Rating Resume says aren’t adequate, aren’t highly effective sufficient, and aren’t persuasive sufficient. Some lively verbs are very bland and do nothing to assist persuade a future employer. “Managed”, “established”, “outlined”, and “carried out” are all thought-about lively verbs and are incessantly used on resumes.

However these aren’t good verbs for speaking your Excessive Rating. You wouldn’t say “I managed a bit of character by means of a wide range of ranges” or “I carried out varied strikes within the recreation.”

White-collar workers, by definition, set up, handle, outline, and carry out all kinds of duties. However what the Excessive Rating Resume needs you to share is “had been you any good at them?” And that’s an vital truth a hiring supervisor or recruiter needs to know.

That’s the reason the Excessive Rating Resume says it’s vital to make use of a success verb in each bullet level. As you may see above, success verbs show success — since you had been there, one thing obtained higher, one thing improved, one thing progressed. Unfold throughout the 2 pages of a resume, these 25 verbs received’t repeat, they’ll convey motion, and so they’ll serve to jog your reminiscence about these stuff you did that had been profitable — whenever you elevated, delivered, improved, or optimized your organization’s enterprise.

Torn paper image showing the use of success verbs and numbers in the Ladders resume format.

The best factor to do could be to make use of these 25 verbs and solely these verbs. Except you’ve gotten a superb motive to broaden your selection, the above success verbs can cowl most bullets you may consider. Limiting your decisions will save loads of time and headache whereas guaranteeing a better high quality resume.

This may appear boring, however except you’re making use of to be a thesaurus author, none of your 4 audiences care how intelligent your success verbs are. The thousands and thousands of hours misplaced annually to professionals such as you wanting up synonyms for “improved” is a whole waste of time.

Torn paper image showing a complete work experience section in the Ladders format.

Within the instance above, we’ve caught to exactly eight of the verbs from the success verbs listing.

Alternatively, a terrific instance of how stating the plain in your bullet factors can set you again is the traditional filler “Employed to be Vice President, Western Area”. Look, we stay in the US of America within the twenty first century. After all you had been employed on your present position! I wasn’t assuming that you simply had inherited it out of your father, the Duke of Gross sales, Western Area. This isn’t Sport of Thrones. So why are your losing invaluable area in your resume telling your viewers one thing they already know primarily based in your title?

And given the character of the fashionable group, in case you’re a supervisor, in fact you’ve managed some variety of fellow human beings. And in fact you got a funds with which to do one thing attention-grabbing with these human beings within the service of the group’s higher objectives.

So whenever you start a bullet level with empty non-achievements reminiscent of “I used to be employed, I managed and I used to be answerable for … ” you’re squandering the chance to showcase the advantages you delivered to your boss and your organization in your prior position.

It’s not sufficient to only have the verb, you want a selected numerical accomplishment, too.

The skilled abstract explains what your subsequent job is

Within the Excessive Rating Resume, the skilled abstract communicates your Subsequent Stage — the job you need subsequent. Very considerably, it’s not a abstract of your previous skilled expertise, however a abstract of the place you’ll be subsequent.

Within the skilled abstract, you make your only, most concise, strongest pitch for the job you need. Utilizing quick phrases and temporary phrases, this part stands out from the remainder of the Excessive Rating Resume in a dramatic and compelling approach. You’ll use that energy to clarify to your future boss your capabilities and your expectations on your subsequent position.

Whereas it represents solely 10% of the area in your resume, the skilled abstract ought to be the place you spend a 3rd or extra of your resume writing time.

In whole, your skilled abstract consists of 12-16 phrases unfold throughout three to 4 traces. The primary of the 4 traces is an inventory of job titles you need. The following line is an inventory {of professional} expertise you’ve gotten. The third is an inventory of achievements that present the way you excel. The optionally available fourth line can be utilized for extra expertise and achievements or can be utilized to explicitly point out the sort of firm, position or {industry} you’re concentrating on.

You’ll spend as a lot time on what to depart out, as what to incorporate. Miles Davis mentioned “Music is the area between the notes. It’s not the notes you play; it’s the notes you don’t play.” For you, it’s the phrases and achievements and titles that you simply omit that reinforce on your viewers who you’re and what you’ll do subsequent.

Your skilled abstract begins with a Skilled Headline that summarizes who you’re. You’ll need to embrace solely the three or 4 phrases that seize the essence of your skilled profession at this level. Our instance under is a Basic & Operations Supervisor, however you might be an Revolutionary Monetary Government, a Senior Chief in CPG Advertising and marketing, a Gaming Expertise CTO, an Completed VP Enterprise Gross sales, or a Main Biotech Analysis Scientist.

Torn paper image showing a resume summary in the Ladders resume format.

Whichever it’s, this daring, ALL CAPS, Skilled Headline is the advertising and marketing pitch for you. It’s price spending a number of hours getting this precisely proper.

Your Skilled Abstract is your first impression to 4 audiences. Like all first impressions, it will be important and could be defining. The identical resume with the identical accomplishments reads very in a different way with these lame, generic phrases “Seasoned Government – Supervisor – P&L Duty – Trade Skilled” versus the extra direct and particular “COO – SVP, Operations – Flip-around Skilled – Delivered $2 bn Shareholder Worth”.

Whereas it may appear apparent to you what your Subsequent Stage is, it’s not apparent in any respect to the folks studying your resume.

In actual fact, given how completely different persons are, you could be assured that somebody similar to you spoke to the recruiter or hiring supervisor final month, final week, and even yesterday, and regardless of having the exact background that you’ve, that individual instructed them of a very completely different profession plan. I’ve seen it sufficient to know that I can by no means guess what somebody needs to do subsequent. To be trustworthy, that’s why one of many first questions I ask in hiring is “so what are you trying to do subsequent?”

You’d be stunned on the solutions!

In our instance right here, we’ve clarified that our resume is for a Basic & Operations Supervisor, who’s in search of roles with the title COO, VP, Operations and Administration, Nation Supervisor, and so forth. Itemizing these titles particularly makes it straightforward for Viewers #1, the screener, to grasp which roles to pick you for. It makes it straightforward for Viewers #2, the recruiting skilled, to grasp what your Subsequent Stage is. It makes it straightforward for Viewers #3, your future boss, to know who you’re and the place you’re headed. And it makes straightforward for Viewers #4, the ATS, to grasp what titles to affiliate your candidacy with.

Image showing the four audiences of a professional resume.

As all the time on resumes, the extra particular you could be, the higher. Your 4 audiences should come away with an specific understanding of the kind of job through which you’re , the titles to think about you for, and your Excessive Rating achievements and capabilities.

As for formatting, you could maintain the Skilled Abstract to 4 traces. Don’t go over the road ends and trigger gaps in spacing because the software program tries to take care of a phrase or two additional on the subsequent line. And maintain all the part centered.

Torn paper image to show why a professional resume summary should not exceed four lines.

Torn paper image showing why a single item should not appear on its own line.

Torn paper image - why a Ladders resume summary should not be aligned left.

Job titles in your Skilled Abstract

The primary line of your Skilled Abstract is the best space for speaking your expectations, so right here you’ll listing 3 to five job titles of jobs you’d truly settle for as your subsequent job. It’s vital to notice that these are the titles of the job you need subsequent, not of the roles you’ve gotten had prior to now, or the job you at the moment have. That is the “Subsequent Stage” part of your Excessive Rating Resume. It’s the place you inform recruiters and hiring managers of the job you want and consider you’re a superb match for.

Now it’s vital to notice that it doesn’t matter that you’ve by no means truly had this job title prior to now, but it surely must be a believable Subsequent Stage in your skilled profession. Somewhat, you’re promoting your ambition to the screener, the recruiter, or hiring supervisor trying to rent somebody for that specific position and title.

Calibrating exactly the title you’re in search of is simpler, in fact, in case you plan on staying in a similar-sized firm. A VP, Advertising and marketing at one tiny startup can plausibly lay declare to the power to meet the VP, Advertising and marketing position at one other tiny startup. And a Finance Supervisor at one Fortune 1000 firm is properly inside her rights to point that Senior Supervisor, Finance is her goal for her subsequent gig. Issues come up whenever you’re contemplating all firm sizes — having been a CMO at three completely different five-person start-ups doesn’t make it in any respect seemingly that you simply’d be thought-about for a job with a decrease stage, reminiscent of Director or VP, at a Fortune 500 firm.

Torn paper image showing aspirational job titles on the first line of the resume summary.

As a result of there aren’t any exhausting and quick guidelines that make it straightforward, you’ll use your small business judgment to find out what qualifies as an acceptable title for which you must be thought-about.

Examples of the primary line of your skilled abstract are:

  • VP, Advertising and marketing • Director, Advertising and marketing • Model Advertising and marketing Chief • CMO
  • Gross sales Consultant | Enterprise Growth Government | Account Government
  • Logistics Supervisor * Logistics Senior Supervisor * Operations Supervisor * Plant Supervisor
  • Monetary Director – Director, FP&A – Credit score Analyst – Director, Planning

You’ll discover the separators could be something tasteful and understated — an asterisk, a dot, a vertical bar or a hyphen.

Image of complete page discussing why lies on a resume are a bad idea.

Skilled expertise in your Skilled Abstract

The second line of your skilled abstract focuses on skilled expertise — your expertise and capabilities that can make you profitable within the job titles listed above. These are the abilities you at the moment possess and are “level-appropriate” on your Subsequent Stage.

Please contemplate that at your subsequent job, the abilities you’re at the moment utilizing shall be one notch much less related. In spite of everything, they’re expertise you used for a job at a decrease stage. The superior expertise at your present job would be the primary, anticipated expertise in your subsequent position. And the abilities you’re at the moment stretching your self to amass — these which are at the moment on the very fingertips of your attain — would be the ones that you simply’ll be anticipated to develop and put into follow day after day. The essential expertise on your present position won’t be related in any respect.

Torn paper image showing four professional skills on the resume summary second line.

So in case you’re a person contributor for the time being, and need to transfer as much as a workforce lead, or a senior particular person contributor position, fairly than spotlight expertise associated to your particular person follow, you need to name out these expertise that present the weather of workforce management and accountability.

And in case you’re a supervisor trying to step up and develop into a supervisor of managers, you’ll focus in your potential to handle output, course of, accountability, and communication, greater than your potential to handle particular person workforce members, the work output, and workforce member stage duties and productiveness.

Don’t listing expertise which are apparent or could be assumed for somebody at your stage. For instance, in case you’re making use of for C-suite jobs, itemizing “time administration” or “presentation expertise” could be far too junior to say in your abstract.

Examples for the second line may embrace:

  • Agile Growth • Software program Structure • Engineer Recruiting • Expertise Innovation
  • Payroll & Advantages | Worker Coaching & Growth | Tradition | Worker Relations
  • Litigation * Company Counsel * Contracts Negotiation * Danger Mitigation
  • Value Containment – Mission Management – Basic Contracting – Authorities Relations

Previous achievements on your Skilled Abstract

On the third line of your Skilled Abstract, you’ll listing three to 5 phrases that describe your demonstrated previous success. No want for numbers right here as you’ll dive into that intimately in your work expertise part, so right here you’re sharing the “how” of your Excessive Scores. Any sort of achievements or attributes for which you’ve gotten acquired recognition are applicable, and those who finest show your mastery of your prior roles are finest.

Summarize the three to 5 most vital achievements of your current profession to make a concise case for why previous success is indicative of future outcomes.


  • President’s Membership • Prime-producing Saleswoman • Exceeds Quota • Consultative Promoting Skilled
  • Launched New Manufacturers | Clio Award-Successful Campaigns | Elevated Effectivity
  • Elevated Group Velocity * Shipped New Merchandise * Wonderful Recruiter * AWS Migration
  • FDA Evaluation Skilled – Acquisition Identification – Obtained 17 Patents

Situational, recognition or {industry} concerns

On the optionally available fourth line, you may embrace further expertise, capabilities, and achievements; present further shade across the forms of conditions you’re in search of; inner, exterior, or {industry} awards and recognition; or indications of {industry} curiosity that might not be clear from different gadgets in your skilled abstract.


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